"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Monday, August 23, 2010

12: 16 to 12: 18

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


وَجَاءُوا أَبَاهُمْ عِشَاءً يَبْكُونَ
Wa Jā'ū 'Abāhum `Ishā'an Yabkūna
"Then they came to their father in the early part of the night, weeping." 
EXPLANATION:

Allah narrates to us the deceit that Yusuf's brothers resorted to, after they threw him to the bottom of the well. They went back to their father, during the darkness of the night, crying and showing sorrow and grief for losing Yusuf, so that Prophet Ya'qub felt that they were innocent.

They started giving excuses to their father for what happened to Yusuf, in this way:


قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا إِنَّا ذَهَبْنَا نَسْتَبِقُ وَتَرَكْنَا يُوسُفَ عِندَ مَتَاعِنَا فَأَكَلَهُ الذِّئْبُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُؤْمِنٍ لَّنَا وَلَوْ كُنَّا صَادِقِينَ
Qālū Yā 'Abānā 'Innā Dhahabnā Nastabiqu Wa Taraknā Yūsufa `Inda Matā`inā Fa'akalahu Adh-Dhi'bu Wa Mā 'Anta Bimu'uminin Lanā Wa Law Kunnā Şādiqīna
 They said: "O our father! We went racing with one another, and left Joseph with our things; and the wolf devoured him.... But thou wilt never believe us even though we tell the truth." 
EXPLANATION:

(We went racing with one another), or had a shooting competition,

(and left Yusuf by our belongings), guarding our clothes and luggage,

(and a wolf devoured him), which is exactly what their father told them he feared for Yusuf and warned against.

(but you will never believe us even when we speak the truth.) They tried to lessen the impact of the grave news they were delivering. They said, `We know that you will not believe this news, even if you consider us truthful. So what about when you suspect that we are not truthful, especially since you feared that the wolf might devour Yusuf and that is what happened' Therefore, they said, `You have reason not to believe us because of the strange coincidence and the amazing occurrence that happened to us. '


وَجَاءُوا عَلَىٰ قَمِيصِهِ بِدَمٍ كَذِبٍ ۚ قَالَ بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنفُسُكُمْ أَمْرًا ۖفَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ ۖ وَاللَّـهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَىٰ مَا تَصِفُونَ
Wa Jā'ū `Alá Qamīşihi Bidamin Kadhibin Qāla Bal Sawwalat Lakum 'Anfusukum 'Amrāan Faşabrun JamīlunWa Allāhu Al-Musta`ānu `Alá Mā Taşifūna
 They stained his shirt with false blood. He said: "Nay, but your minds have made up a tale (that may pass) with you, (for me) patience is most fitting: Against that which ye assert, it is Allah (alone) Whose help can be sought".. 
EXPLANATION:

(And they brought his shirt stained with false blood.) on it, to help prove plot that they all agreed on. 

They slaughtered a sheep, according to Mujahid, As-Suddi and several other scholars, and stained Yusuf's shirt with its blood. They claimed that this was the shirt Yusuf was wearing when the wolf devoured him, being stained with his blood. But, they forgot to tear the shirt, and this is why Allah's Prophet Ya`qub did not believe them. Rather, he told them what he felt about what they said to him, thus refusing their false claim,

(Nay, but your ownselves have made up a tale. So (for me) patience is most fitting.) Ya`qub said, `I will firmly observe patience for this plot on which you agreed, until Allah relieves the distress with His aid and compassion,

(And it is Allah (alone) Whose help can be sought against that which you describe.), against the lies and unbelievable incident that you said had occurred.'

In this way the old father could do no harm to them and silently put his trust in Allah - for he believed not a word of what they said and hoped to know the truth from Allah some day (And we later learn in the chapter that Prophet Ya'qub was not disaapointed and Allah (SWT) reunited him with his lost son)

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • When the brothers of Yusuf returned to their father and lied about the incident showing a blood stained shirt, Prophet Ya'qub knew that they were lying and that they had parted him from his beloved son, still he put his complete trust in Allah and had a firm faith that Allah would help him meet his son.
Whatever good is in this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform me ASAP, Insha Allah.



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