"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Friday, August 27, 2010

12: 23 to 12: 29

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]

وَرَاوَدَتْهُ الَّتِي هُوَ فِي بَيْتِهَا عَن نَّفْسِهِ وَغَلَّقَتِ الْأَبْوَابَ وَقَالَتْ هَيْتَ لَكَ ۚ قَالَ مَعَاذَ اللَّـهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ رَبِّي أَحْسَنَ مَثْوَايَ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ
Wa Rāwadat/hu Allatī Huwa Fī Baytihā `An Nafsihi Wa Ghallaqati Al-'Abwāba Wa Qālat Hayta Laka Qāla Ma`ādha Allāhi 'Innahu Rabbī 'Aĥsana Mathwāya 'Innahu Lā Yufliĥu Až-Žālimūna
"But she in whose house he was, sought to seduce him from his (true) self: she fastened the doors, and said: "Now come, thou (dear one)!" He said: "Allah forbid! truly (thy husband) is my lord! he made my sojourn agreeable! truly to no good come those who do wrong!" 
EXPLANATION:

Allah states that the wife of the `Aziz of Egypt, in whose house Yusuf resided and whose husband recommended that she takes care of him and be generous to him, tried to seduce Yusuf! She called him to do an evil act with her, because she loved him very much. Yusuf was very handsome, filled with manhood and beauty. She beautified herself for him, closed the doors and called him.

But Yusuf refused her call and as they used to call the chief and master a `Rabb' (Lord), Yusuf said to her, `your husband is my master who provided me with comfortable living and was kind to me, so I will never betray him by committing immoral sins with his wife.

Some scholars (like Ibn Abbas and Mujahid) say that هَيْتَ لَكَ means that she was calling him to herself.
Al-Bukhari said; "Ikrimah said that, (Hayta Laka') means, `come on, O you', in the Aramaic language.'' Al-Bukhari collected this statement from `Ikrimah without a chain of narration. Other scholars read it with the meaning, `I am ready for you'. Ibn `Abbas, Abu `Abdur-Rahman As-Sulami, Abu Wa'il, `Ikrimah and Qatadah were reported to have read this part of the Ayah this way and explained it in the manner we mentioned, as `I am ready for you'.


وَلَقَدْ هَمَّتْ بِهِ ۖ وَهَمَّ بِهَا لَوْلَا أَن رَّأَىٰ بُرْهَانَ رَبِّهِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ لِنَصْرِفَ عَنْهُ السُّوءَ وَالْفَحْشَاءَ ۚ إِنَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُخْلَصِينَ
Wa Laqad Hammat Bihi Wa Hamma Bihā Lawlā 'An Ra'á Burhāna Rabbihi Kadhālika Linaşrifa `Anhu As-Sū'a Wa Al-Faĥshā'a 'Innahu Min `Ibādinā Al-Mukhlaşīna




"And (with passion) did she desire him, and he would have desired her, but that he saw the evidence of his Lord: thus (did We order) that We might turn away from him (all) evil and shameful deeds: for he was one of Our servants, sincere and purified." 

[12 : 24]
EXPLANATION:

 This is about the thoughts that cross the mind, according to Al-Baghawi who mentioned this opinion from some of the analysts. Al-Baghawi next mentioned here a Hadith that he narrated from `Abdur Razzaq, from Ma`mar, from Hammam, from Abu Hurayrah, from the Messenger of Allah( pbuh):

(Allah the Exalted said, `If my slave intends to perform a good deed, then record it for him as one good deed; if he performs it, then record it for him multiplied ten folds. If he intends to commit an evil act but did not commit it, then record it for him as one good deed, if he left it for My sake. But if he commits it, then write it as one evil deed.') 

It was also reported that the Ayah means that Yusuf was about to beat her. As for the evidence that Yusuf saw at that moment, there are conflicting opinions to what it was. Ibn Jarir At-Tabari said, "The correct opinion is that we should say that he saw an Ayah from among Allah's Ayat (signs) that repelled the thought that crossed his mind. This evidence might have been the image of Ya`qub (his father) , or the image of an angel, or a divine statement that forbade him from doing that evil sin, etc. 

Allah says in the last part of this verse:
`Just as We showed him the evidence that turned him away from that sin, We save him from all types of evil and illegal sexual activity in all his affairs,' because he was one of Our Mukhlasin servants -  meaning, chosen, purified, designated, appointed and righteous. May Allah's peace and blessings be on him.''


وَاسْتَبَقَا الْبَابَ وَقَدَّتْ قَمِيصَهُ مِن دُبُرٍ وَأَلْفَيَا سَيِّدَهَا لَدَى الْبَابِ ۚقَالَتْ مَا جَزَاءُ مَنْ أَرَادَ بِأَهْلِكَ سُوءًا إِلَّا أَن يُسْجَنَ أَوْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
Wa Astabaqā Al-Bāba Wa Qaddat Qamīşahu Min Duburin Wa 'Alfayā Sayyidahā Ladá Al-Bābi Qālat Mā Jazā'u Man 'Arāda Bi'ahlika Sū'āan 'Illā 'An Yusjana 'Aw `Adhābun 'Alīmun




"So they both raced each other to the door, and she tore his shirt from the back: they both found her lord near the door. She said: "What is the (fitting) punishment for one who formed an evil design against thy wife, but prison or a grievous chastisement?" 

[12 : 25]

EXPLANATION:

Allah says that Yusuf and the wife of the `Aziz raced to the door, Yusuf running away from her and her running after him to bring him back to the room. She caught up with him and held on to his shirt from the back, tearing it so terribly that it fell off Yusuf's back. Yusuf continued running from her, with her in pursuit. However, they found her master, her husband, at the front door. This is when she responded by deceit and evil plots, trying to exonerate herself and implicate him, saying,

What is the (fitting) punishment for one who formed an evil design against thy wife - in reference to illegal sexual intercourse. She asked the Aziz to either put Yusuf in prison or that Yusuf should be tormented severely with painful beating.

قَالَ هِيَ رَاوَدَتْنِي عَن نَّفْسِي ۚ وَشَهِدَ شَاهِدٌ مِّنْ أَهْلِهَا إِن كَانَ قَمِيصُهُ قُدَّ مِن قُبُلٍ فَصَدَقَتْ وَهُوَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
Qāla Hiya Rāwadatnī `An Nafsī Wa Shahida Shāhidun Min 'Ahlihā 'In Kāna Qamīşuhu Qudda Min QubulinFaşadaqat Wa Huwa Mina Al-Kādhibīna




"He said: "It was she that sought to seduce me - from my (true) self." And one of her household saw (this) and bore witness, (thus):- "If it be that his shirt is rent from the front, then is her tale true, and he is a liar!"

[12 : 26]
EXPLANATION:

Yusuf could not remain silent at such an accusation and so he told the truth, He said, It was she that sought to seduce me - and mentioned that she pursued him and pulled him towards her until she tore his shirt.

Then a witness from their household bore witness saying that if Yusuf's shirt was torn from the front, then the wife of the Aziz was telling the truth that he tried to commit an illegal sexual act with her. Had he called her to have sex with him and she refused, she would have pushed him away from her and tore his shirt from the front. 


وَإِن كَانَ قَمِيصُهُ قُدَّ مِن دُبُرٍ فَكَذَبَتْ وَهُوَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Wa 'In Kāna Qamīşuhu Qudda Min Duburin Fakadhabat Wa Huwa Mina Aş-Şādiqīna




"But if it be that his shirt is torn from the back, then is she the liar, and he is telling the truth!" 

[12 : 27]

EXPLANATION:

The same witness continues in this verse: But if it be that his shirt is torn from the back, then she has told a lie and he is speaking the truth! Had Yusuf run away from her, and this is what truly happened, and she set in his pursuit, she would have held to his shirt from the back to bring him back to her, thus tearing his shirt from the back.   

There is a difference of opinion over the age and gender of the witness mentioned here. `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Ibn `Abbas said that, the witness "was a bearded man,'' meaning an adult male. Ath-Thawri reported that Jabir said that Ibn Abi Mulaykah said that Ibn `Abbas said, "He was from the king's entourage.'' Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, As-Suddi, Muhammad bin Ishaq and others also said that the witness was an adult male. 

Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said about Allah's statement,  "He was a babe in the cradle. '' Similar was reported from Abu Hurayrah, Hilal bin Yasaf, Al-Hasan, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim, that the witness was a young boy who lived in the `Aziz's house. 







لَمَّا رَأَىٰ قَمِيصَهُ قُدَّ مِن دُبُرٍ قَالَ إِنَّهُ مِن كَيْدِكُنَّ ۖ إِنَّ كَيْدَكُنَّ عَظِيمٌ
Falammā Ra'á Qamīşahu Qudda Min Duburin Qāla 'Innahu Min Kaydikunna 'Inna Kaydakunna `Ažīmun




 "So when he saw his shirt,- that it was torn at the back,- (her husband) said: "Behold! It is a snare of you women! truly, mighty is your snare!"

[12 : 28]

EXPLANATION:

when her husband became certain that Yusuf was telling the truth and that his wife was lying when she heralded the accusation of betrayal at Yusuf. 
He said, `This false accusation and staining the young man's reputation is but a plot of many that you, women, have,'

يُوسُفُ أَعْرِضْ عَنْ هَـٰذَا ۚ وَاسْتَغْفِرِي لِذَنبِكِ ۖ إِنَّكِ كُنتِ مِنَ الْخَاطِئِينَ
Yūsufu 'A`riđ `An Hādhā Wa Astaghfirī Lidhanbiki 'Innaki Kunti Mina Al-Khāţi'īna




"O Joseph, Turn away from this! (O wife), ask forgiveness for thy sin, for truly thou hast been at fault!" 

[12 : 29]

EXPLANATION:

After learning the truth, the `Aziz ordered Yusuf, peace be upon him, to be discrete about what happened - 
Turn away from this - do not mention to anyone what has happened.

Addressing his wife, the Aziz said, "ask forgiveness for thy sin, for truly thou hast been at fault". 
The `Aziz was an easy man, or gave excuse to his wife because she saw in Yusuf an appeal she could not resist. He said to her, `Ask forgiveness for your sin, the evil desire that you wanted to satisfy with this young man, and then inventing false accusations about him.

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • We learn that shaitan is present in the worst of his form where a man and a woman are together in seclusion. 
  • Shaitan provoked the wife of Aziz to seduce Yusuf (pbuh)
  • But, shaitan's plans fail when he has to face a true believer - who fears Allah and obeys Allah in all matters of life - therefore, Yusuf (pbuh) could not be overcome by the devil.
Whatever good comes out of this post is from ALLAH alone, and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform me ASAP, Insha Allah.

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