"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Sunday, August 29, 2010

12: 30 to 12: 34











أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


HE PREFERRED PRISON TO SIN



وَقَالَ نِسْوَةٌ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ امْرَأَتُ الْعَزِيزِ تُرَاوِدُ فَتَاهَا عَن نَّفْسِهِ ۖ قَدْ شَغَفَهَا حُبًّا ۖ إِنَّا لَنَرَاهَا فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
Wa Qāla Niswatun Fī Al-Madīnati Amra'atu Al-`Azīzi Turāwidu Fatāhā `An Nafsihi Qad Shaghafahā Ĥubbāan 'Innā Lanarāhā Fī Đalālin Mubīnin
"And women in the city said: The ruler's wife is asking of her slave-boy an ill-deed. Indeed he has smitten her to the heart with love. We behold her in plain aberration. "
[12 : 30]

EXPLANATION:

Allah states that the news of what happened between the wife of the `Aziz and Yusuf spread in the city, that is, Egypt, and people talked about it.
And women in the city said...), such as women of chiefs and princes said, while admonishing and criticizing the wife of the `Aziz,
(The wife of the `Aziz is seeking to seduce her (slave) young man,), she is luring her servant to have sex with her,
(indeed she loves him violently;), her love for him filled her heart and engulfed it,
(verily, we see her in plain error.), by loving him and trying to seduce him.

لَمَّا سَمِعَتْ بِمَكْرِهِنَّ أَرْسَلَتْ إِلَيْهِنَّ وَأَعْتَدَتْ لَهُنَّ مُتَّكَأً وَآتَتْ كُلَّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِّنْهُنَّ سِكِّينًا وَقَالَتِ اخْرُجْ عَلَيْهِنَّ ۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْنَهُ أَكْبَرْنَهُ وَقَطَّعْنَ أَيْدِيَهُنَّ وَقُلْنَ حَاشَ لِلَّـهِ مَا هَـٰذَا بَشَرًا إِنْ هَـٰذَا إِلَّا مَلَكٌ كَرِيمٌ 
Falammā Sami`at Bimakrihinna 'Arsalat 'Ilayhinna Wa 'A`tadat Lahunna Muttaka'an Wa 'Ātat Kulla Wāĥidatin Minhunna Sikkīnāan Wa Qālati Akhruj `Alayhinna Falammā Ra'aynahu 'Akbarnahu Wa Qaţţa`na 'Aydiyahunna Wa Qulna Ĥāsha Lillāhi Mā Hādhā Basharāan 'In Hādhā 'Illā Malakun Karīmun
 "When she heard of their malicious talk, she sent for them and prepared a banquet for them: she gave each of them a knife: and she said (to Joseph), "Come out before them." When they saw him, they did extol him, and (in their amazement) cut their hands: they said, "Allah preserve us! no mortal is this! this is none other than a noble angel!" 
[12 : 31]
EXPLANATION:

Muhammad bin Ishaq commented, "They heard of Yusuf's beauty and wanted to see him, so they said these words in order to get a look at him.

Then she invited them to her house and prepared a banquet for them.

Ibn `Abbas, Sa'id bin Jubayr, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, As-Suddi and several others commented that she prepared a sitting room which had couches, pillows ﴿to recline on﴾ and food that requires knives to cut, such as citron.

That is why Allah says while narrating the story that she gave a knife to each one of them - which was a part of her plan of revenge and then called out Yusuf before them, whom she had asked to stay somewhere else in the house till that time.

When he came out, they (the ladies) were astonished at what they saw. 

They started cutting their hands in amazement at his beauty, while thinking that they were cutting the citron with their knives. Therefore, they injured their hands with the knives they were holding, according to several reports of Tafsir.

Others said that after they ate and felt comfortable, and after having placed citron in front of them, giving each one of them a knife, the wife of the `Aziz asked them, "Would you like to see Yusuf'' They said, "Yes.'' So she sent for him to come in front of them and when they saw him, they started cutting their hands. She ordered him to keep coming and going, so that they saw him from all sides, and he went back in while they were still cutting their hands. When they felt the pain, they started screaming and she said to them, "You did all this from one look at him, so how can I be blamed

Astonished by his beauty the ladies exclaimed that he could be no lesser than an angel of ALLAH! They said to her, "We do not blame you anymore after the sight that we saw.'' They never saw anyone like Yusuf before, for he, peace be upon him, was given half of all beauty.

An authentic Hadith stated that the Messenger of Allah passed by Prophet Yusuf, during the Night of Isra' in the third heaven and commented,
(He was given a half of all beauty.) Mujahid and others said ﴿they said﴾: "We seek refuge from Allah,''
(No man is this!"This is none other than a noble angel!

قَالَتْ فَذَٰلِكُنَّ الَّذِي لُمْتُنَّنِي فِيهِ ۖ وَلَقَدْ رَاوَدتُّهُ عَن نَّفْسِهِ فَاسْتَعْصَمَ ۖ وَلَئِن لَّمْ يَفْعَلْ مَا آمُرُهُ لَيُسْجَنَنَّ وَلَيَكُونًا مِّنَ الصَّاغِرِينَ
Qālat Fadhālikunna Al-Ladhī Lumtunnanī Fīhi Wa Laqad Rāwadttuhu `An Nafsihi Fāsta`şama Wa La'in LamYaf`al Mā 'Āmuruhu Layusjananna Wa Layakūnāan Mina Aş-Şāghirīna
 "She said: "There before you is the man about whom ye did blame me! I did seek to seduce him from his (true) self but he did firmly save himself guiltless!....and now, if he doth not my bidding, he shall certainly be cast into prison, and (what is more) be of the company of the vilest!" 

[12 : 32]

EXPLANATION:

She said these words to them so that they excuse her behavior, for a man who looks this beautiful and perfect, is worthy of being loved, she thought. 

She told them that she sought to seduce him but he refused to obey her.

Some scholars said that when the women saw Yusuf's beauty, she told them about his inner beauty that they did not know of, being chaste and beautiful from the inside and outside

Then she started threatening Yusuf saying that is he didn't not obey her now, he would certainly be cast into prison and will be one of the disgraced.

قَالَ رَبِّ السِّجْنُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِمَّا يَدْعُونَنِي إِلَيْهِ ۖ وَإِلَّا تَصْرِفْ عَنِّي كَيْدَهُنَّ أَصْبُ إِلَيْهِنَّ وَأَكُن مِّنَ الْجَاهِلِينَ
Qāla Rabbi As-Sijnu 'Aĥabbu 'Ilayya Mimmā Yad`ūnanī 'Ilayhi Wa 'Illā Taşrif `Annī Kaydahunna 'Aşbu 'Ilayhinna Wa 'Akun Mina Al-Jāhilīna
"He said: "O my Lord! the prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me: Unless Thou turn away their snare from me, I should (in my youthful folly) feel inclined towards them and join the ranks of the ignorant."
[12 : 33]

EXPLANATION:

Knowing about their evil plot Yusuf sought refuge with ALLAH to save him and said that prison was dearer to him than to indulge in such an evil action (illegal sexual acts).

Yusuf invoked Allah: If You abandon me and I am reliant on myself, then I have no power over myself, nor can I bring harm or benefit to myself, except with Your power and will. Verily, You are sought for each and everything, and our total reliance is on You Alone for each and everything. Please, do not abandon me and leave me to rely on myself, for then, "I will feel inclined towards them and be one of the ignorant.

فَاسْتَجَابَ لَهُ رَبُّهُ فَصَرَفَ عَنْهُ كَيْدَهُنَّ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
Fāstajāba Lahu Rabbuhu Faşarafa `Anhu Kaydahunna 'Innahu Huwa As-Samī`u Al-`Alīmu
"So his Lord hearkened to him (in his prayer), and turned away from him their snare: Verily He heareth and knoweth (all things)."

[12 : 34]
EXPLANATION:

ALLAH answered his invocation. Yusuf, peace be upon him, was immune from error by Allah's will, and He saved him from accepting the advances of the wife of the `Aziz'. He preferred prison, rather than accept her illicit call. This indicates the best and most perfect grade in this case, for Yusuf was youthful, beautiful and full of manhood. His master's wife was calling him to herself, and she was the wife of the `Aziz of Egypt. She was also very beautiful and wealthy, as well as having a great social rank. He refused all this and preferred prison, for he feared Allah and hoped to earn His reward.

It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said,
Allah will give shade to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His:
 A just ruler, 
a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, 
a man whose heart is attached to the Masjid, 
from the time he goes out of the Masjid until he gets back to it, 
two persons who love each other only for Allah's sake and they meet and part in Allah's cause only, 
a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, 
a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: "I am afraid of Allah, 
and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.''

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • When a person is overcome by devil s/he can go to any extent to indulge in the gravest of sins - wife of the Aziz was heading towards such a destruction for herself.
  • From these verses we know that Prophet Yusuf (pbuh) was blessed with amazing beauty! The women were stunned to see him and thought that no man could be so beautiful and he might be an angel of ALLAH.
  • We also know that he was blessed with an equally beautiful heart, which was filled with volumes of love and fear of ALLAH (SWT)
  • He preferred prison to a sin. Had he sinned, the wife of Aziz might never reveal it to anyone and he could live without being disgraced. But he preferred to be disgraced by being a prisoner, for no sin of his - only to obey the commands of ALLAH.
  • Allah (SWT) answered the invocation, for ALLAH helps the person who helps himself to walk on the right path - the path towards eternal success. .
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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