"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Thursday, September 23, 2010

12: 105 to 12: 107

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]

PEOPLE NEGLECT THE SIGNS OF ALLAH

 وَكَأَيِّن مِّنْ آيَةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ يَمُرُّونَ عَلَيْهَا وَهُمْ عَنْهَا مُعْرِضُونَ 
Wa Ka'ayyin Min 'Āyatin Fī As-Samāwāti Wa Al-'Arđi Yamurrūna `Alayhā Wa Hum `Anhā Mu`rūna
And how many Signs in the heavens and the earth do they pass by? Yet they turn (their faces) away from them! 

[12 : 105]

EXPLANATION:

Allah states that most people do not think about His signs and proofs of His Oneness that He created in the heavens and earth. 
Allah created brilliant stars and rotating heavenly objects and planets, all made subservient. 
There are many plots of fertile land next to each other on earth, and gardens, solid mountains, lively oceans, with their waves smashing against each other, and spacious deserts. 
There are many live creatures and others that have died; and animals, plants and fruits that are similar in shape, but different in taste, scent, color and attributes. 

All praise is due to Allah the One and Only, Who created all types of creations, Who Alone will remain and last forever.
 It is He Who is unique in His Names and Attributes. 

وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُم بِاللَّـهِ إِلَّا وَهُم مُّشْرِكُونَ
Wa Mā Yu'uminu 'Aktharuhum Billāhi 'Illā Wa Hum Mushrikūna
And most of them believe not in Allah without associating (other as partners) with Him! 

[12 : 106]

EXPLANATION:

(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him.)

 Ibn `Abbas commented, "They have a part of faith, for when they are asked, `Who created the heavens Who created the earth Who created the mountains' They say, `Allah did.' Yet, they associate others with Him in worship.'' 

Similar is said by Mujahid, `Ata, `Ikrimah, Ash-Sha`bi, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam.

 In the Sahih, it is recorded that during the Hajj season, the idolators used to say in their Talbiyah: "Here we rush to Your service. You have no partners with You, except a partner with You whom You own but he owns not!''

Allah said in another Ayah,
(Verily, joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed.) [31:13]
This indeed is the greatest type of Shirk, associating others with Allah in worship.

 It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, "I said, `O Allah's Messenger! What is the greatest sin' He said, (That you call a rival to Allah while He alone created you.)'' 

Al-Hasan Al-Basri commented on Allah's statement,
(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him.) 
"This is the hypocrite; if he performs good deeds, he does so to show off with the people, and he is an idolator while doing this.'' 
Al-Hasan was referring to Allah's statement,
(Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salah, they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little.) [4:142]

 There is another type of hidden Shirk that most people are unaware of. Hammad bin Salamah narrated that `Asim bin Abi An-Najud said that `Urwah said, "Hudhayfah visited an ill man and saw a rope tied around his arm, so he ripped it off while reciting, 
(And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him.) 

In a Hadith, from Ibn `Umar collected by At-Tirmidhi who said it was Hasan, the Prophet said,
(He who swears by other than Allah, commits Shirk.) 

Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud and other scholars of Hadith narrated that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said, (Verily, Ar-Ruqa, At-Tama'im and At-Tiwalah are all acts of Shirk.) 

In another narration collected by Ahmad and Abu Dawud, the Prophet said,  (Verily, At-Tiyarah ﴿omen﴾ is Shirk; everyone might feel a glimpse of it, but Allah dissipates it with Tawakkul.)'' 

أَفَأَمِنُوا أَن تَأْتِيَهُمْ غَاشِيَةٌ مِّنْ عَذَابِ اللَّـهِ أَوْ تَأْتِيَهُمُ السَّاعَةُ بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
'Afa'aminū 'An Ta'tiyahum Ghāshiyatun Min `Adhābi Allāhi 'Aw Ta'tiyahumu As-Sā`atu Baghtatan Wa HumLā Yash`urūna
 Do they then feel secure from the coming against them of the covering veil of the wrath of Allah,- or of the coming against them of the (final) Hour all of a sudden while they perceive not? 

[12 : 107]

EXPLANATION:

(Do they then feel secure from the coming against them of the covering veil of the torment of Allah) Allah asks, `Do these idolators who associate others with Allah in the worship, feel secure from the coming of an encompassing torment from where they perceive not ?

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • Allah (SWT) tells Muhammed (SAWS) that everything present in this universe is HIS sign. People happen to come across HIS signs at each step of life, but do not ponder and neglect them.
  • The verse 12: 106 is what we come across in our day-to-day life. Ask a person from any religion, s/he tells that GOD IS ONE - HIS forms are many! They fail to understand the simple truth that, ALLAH - THE SUPREME POWER, is in no need of changing forms or having a partner. HE only says "BE" and everything happens!
  • There is a torment for these idolators from Allah, which they do not perceive - Associating partners to Allah (SHIRK) is a sin, for which there is NO FORGIVENESS.


Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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