"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Saturday, September 25, 2010

12: 110

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]

ALLAH ALWAYS HELPS THE BELIEVERS IN TIMES OF DISTRESS

حَتَّىٰ إِذَا اسْتَيْأَسَ الرُّسُلُ وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ كُذِبُوا جَاءَهُمْ نَصْرُنَا فَنُجِّيَ مَن نَّشَاءُ ۖ وَلَا يُرَدُّ بَأْسُنَا عَنِ الْقَوْمِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ 
Ĥattá 'Idhā Astay'asa Ar-Rusulu Wa Žannū 'Annahum Qad Kudhibū Jā'ahum Naşrunā Fanujjiya ManNashā'u Wa Lā Yuraddu Ba'sunā `Ani Al-Qawmi Al-Mujrimīna
(Respite will be granted) until, when the messengers give up hope (of their people) and (come to) think that they were treated as liars, there reaches them Our help, and those whom We will are delivered into safety. But never will be warded off our punishment from those who are in sin. 

[12 : 110]

EXPLANATION:

(They were reprieved) until, when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied, then came to them Our help, and whomsoever We willed were rescued. And Our punishment cannot be warded off from the people who are criminals.

Allah states that He sends His aid and support to His Messengers, peace be upon them, when distress and hardship surround them and they eagerly await Allah's aid. 

Allah said in another Ayah,
"..and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the help of Allah'' 
[2:214] 

As for saying of Allah,
they were denied) There are two recitations for it. One of them is with a Shadda (meaning: they were betrayed by their people). And this is the way `A'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, recited it. 

Al-Bukhari said that `Urwah bin Az-Zubayr narrated that he asked `Aishah about the meaning of the following verse,
(`Until when the Messengers give up hope...), Respite will be granted, is it denied or betrayed `A'ishah replied, "betrayed.'' `Urwah said, "I said, `They were sure that their people betrayed them, so why use the word `thought'' She said, `Yes, they were sure that they betrayed them'

I said,  (and they thought that they were denied (by Allah)) `A'ishah said, `Allah forbid! The Messengers did not suspect their Lord of such a thing.' 

I asked, `So what does this Ayah mean'  She said, `This Verse is concerned with the Messengers' followers who had faith in their Lord and believed in their Messengers. The period of trials for those followers was long and Allah's help was delayed until the Messengers gave up hope for the conversion of the disbelievers amongst their nation and suspected that even their followers were shaken in their belief, Allah's help then came to them.''' 

Ibn Jurayj narrated that Ibn Abi Mulaikah said that Ibn `Abbas read this Ayah this way,
(and they thought they were denied.) 
`Abdullah bin Abi Mulaikah said, "Then Ibn `Abbas said to me that they were humans. He then recited this Ayah,
(..even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said, "When (will come) the help of Allah'' Yes! Certainly, the help of Allah is near!)
[2:214]

Ibn Jurayj also narrated that Ibn Abi Mulaykah said that `Urwah narrated to him that `Aishah did not agree to this and rejected it. She said, "Nothing that Allah has promised Muhammad, peace be upon him, but Muhammad knew for certainty that it shall come, until he died. However, the Messengers were tried with trials until they thought that those believers, who were with them, did not fully support them.'' Ibn Abi Mulaykah said that `Urwah narrated that `Aishah recited this Ayah this way, (وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ قَد كُذِّبُوا) "and they thought that they were betrayed.'' 

Therefore, there is another way of reciting this word, and there is a difference of opinion about its meaning. We narrated the meaning that Ibn `Abbas gave. Ibn Mas`ud said, as Sufyan Ath-Thawri narrated from him, that he read the Ayah this way,

(until, when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied.) 

`Abdullah commented that this is the recitation that you dislike. 

Ibn `Abbas also commented on the Ayah,
(until, when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied) "When the Messengers gave up hope that their people would accept their messages, and their people thought that their Messengers had not said the truth to them, Allah's victory came then,

(and whomsoever We willed were rescued.) 
Ibn Jarir At-Tabari narrated that Ibrahim bin Abi Hamzah [Hurrah] Al-Jazari said, "A young man from Quraysh asked Sa'id bin Jubayr `O, Abu `Abdullah! How do you read this word, for when I pass by it, I wish I had not read this Surah, (until, when the Messengers gave up hope and thought that they were denied...) He said, `Yes, it means, when the Messengers gave up hope that their people will believe in them and those to whom the Messengers were sent thought that the Messengers were not truthful.'''

Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim commented, "I have not seen someone who is called to knowledge and is lazy accepting the invitation, until today! If you traveled to Yemen just to get this explanation, it will still be worth it.'' 

Ibn Jarir At-Tabari narrated that Muslim bin Yasar asked Sa`id bin Jubayr about the same Ayah and he gave the same response. Muslim stood up and embraced Sa'id bin Jubayr, saying, "May Allah relieve a distress from you as you relieved a distress from me!'' This was reported from Sa'id bin Jubayr through various chains of narration. This is also the Tafsir that Mujahid bin Jabr and several other Salaf scholars gave for this Ayah. 

However, some scholars said that the Ayah,
(and thought that they were denied), is in reference to the believers who followed the Messengers, while some said it is in reference to the disbelievers among the Messengers' nation. In the latter case, the meaning becomes: `and the disbelievers thought that the Messengers were not given a true promise of victory. 

' Ibn Jarir At-Tabari narrated that Tamim bin Hadhlam said, "I heard `Abdullah bin Mas`ud comment on this Ayah,
(until, when the Messengers gave up hope) that their people will believe in them, and their people thought when the respite was long, that the Messengers were not given a true promise.''

Allah says that whom HE wills are delivered safety and those who are the sinful are certainly punished.

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • There are various explainations for this Aayah and Allah alone knows who exactly had been referred to here.
  • Ayesha (RDA) rejected it being referred to the Prophets giving up hope to get Allah's aid because, she was the wife of the Greatest of all Prophets, Muhammed (pbuh) and she knew that he (pbuh) never gave up hope in such a cause, in other words, he never suspected Allah's promise.
  • According to her, this aayah is in reference to the prophets and means that they gave up hope that the disbelievers would accept their message.
  • Those scholars who said that this aayah is in reference to the prophets giving up hope to get aid from Allah claim so because, the prophets were also human beings and so it might be possible that they give up hope in extreme conditions (afflictions).
  • Some scholars say that this aayah is in reference to the followers of the Messenger.
  • Some say that this is in reference to the disbelievers, which means that the disbelievers thought that the Messengers were not helped by Allah. 
  • What we learn from this verse is that Allah's Prophet's were always aided in victory at the times of distress.
  • When the trials were too long and they (the Messengers or their followers) (almost) gave up hope, Allah sent His aid.
  • The sinful ones are never warded of their punishment from Allah.
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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