"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Saturday, January 1, 2011

19: 24 - 19: 26


أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


MARYAM INSTRUCTED AT THE TIME OF THE BIRTH OF JESUS 
(peace be upon him)

There is a difference of opinion about who spoke in these verses. Some scholars say that these words were spoken by Isa, the son she  save birth to, while others say that is was Jibril instructing her in these verses. The second opinion seems more apt coz, ISa (pbuh) is said to ahve spoken only when his mother brought him to the people (which we will learn in the next verses, Insha Allah). However we will read both the opinions, as mentioned in Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Insha Allah

فَنَادَاهَا مِن تَحْتِهَا أَلَّا تَحْزَنِي قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيًّا 
Fanādāhā Min Taĥtihā 'Allā Taĥzanī Qad Ja`ala Rabbuki Taĥtaki Sarīyāan
Then [the babe 'Îsa (Jesus) or Jibril (Gabriel)] cried unto her from below her, saying: "Grieve not: your Lord has provided a water stream under you.

[19 : 24]

EXPLANATION:

(Who was below her) Meaning the one who was below her called to her. Others recited it as,
(from below her) With the meaning of a preposition (from) instead of a pronoun (who). 

The scholars of Tafsir have differed over the interpretation of who was calling out. Al-`Awfi and others reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said,
(Then cried unto her from below her,)
 "This is referring to Jibril because `Isa did not speak until she brought him to her people.'' 
Similarly, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak, `Amr bin Maymun, As-Suddi and Qatadah all said, "Verily, this is referring to the angel Jibril.'' This means that he (Jibril) called out to her from the bottom of the valley. 

Mujahid said,
(Then cried unto her from below her,) 
"This is referring to `Isa bin Maryam.'' 
Likewise, `Abdur-Razzaq reported from Ma`mar that Qatadah said that Al-Hasan said, "This is referring to her son (`Isa).'' This is also one of the two opinions reported from Sa`id bin Jubayr that it was her son, `Isa, speaking. 
Sa`id said, "Have you not heard Allah saying,

(Then she pointed to him.) Ibn Zayd and Ibn Jarir preferred this opinion in his Tafsir. 

Allah said,
(Grieve not:) He called to her saying, "Do not grieve.''
(your Lord has provided a Sariy under you.) Sufyan Ath-Thawri and Shu`bah reported from Abu Ishaq that Al-Bara' bin `Azib said, 


(your Lord has provided a Sariy under you.) 
"This means a small stream.'' 
Likewise, `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "Sariy means a river.'' 
`Amr bin Maymun held the same view, as he said, "It means a river for her to drink from.'' 
Mujahid said, "It means river in the Syrian language.'' 
Sa`id bin Jubayr said, "Sariy is a small flowing river.'' 


Others said that Sariy refers to `Isa. This was said by Al-Hasan, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, Muhammad bin `Abbad bin Ja`far, and it is one of the two opinions reported from Qatadah. 
It is also the view of `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam. 


However, the first view seems to be the most obvious meaning. For this reason, Allah said after it,

وَهُزِّي إِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسَاقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَبًا جَنِيًّا 
Wa Huzzī 'Ilayki Bijidh`i An-Nakhlati Tusāqiţ `Alayki Ruţabāan Janīyāan

"And shake the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe-dates upon you."

[19 : 25]


EXPLANATION:

(And shake the trunk of date palm towards you,) meaning, "Grab the trunk of the date-palm tree and shake it towards yourself.'' 
Therefore, Allah blessed her by giving her food and drink. 
(It will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. )

Then He said,


فَكُلِي وَاشْرَبِي وَقَرِّي عَيْنًا ۖ فَإِمَّا تَرَيِنَّ مِنَ الْبَشَرِ أَحَدًا فَقُولِي إِنِّي نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمَـٰنِ صَوْمًا فَلَنْ أُكَلِّمَ الْيَوْمَ إِنسِيًّا 
Fakulī Wa Ashrabī Wa Qarrī `Aynāan Fa'immā Taraynna Mina Al-Bashari 'Aĥadāan Faqūlī 'Innī Nadhartu Lilrraĥmani Şawmāan Falan 'Ukallima Al-Yawma 'Insīyāan
"So eat and drink and be glad. And if you see any human being, say: 'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.'"

[19 : 26]

EXPLANATION:

(So eat and drink and rejoice.) 
Meaning to be happy. 

This is why `Amr bin Maymun said, "Nothing is better for the woman confined in childbed than dried dates and fresh dates.'' Then he recited this noble Ayah. 

Concerning Allah's statement,
(And if you see any human being,) 
This means any person that you see,

(Say: `Verily, I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being today.') 
Meaning, by signaling with gestures, not a statement by speech. This is so that she does not negate her oath itself,

(so I shall not speak to any human being today. )
 Anas bin Malik commented on,
(I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious) 
He said; "A vow of silence.'' 
Likewise said Ibn `Abbas and Ad-Dahhak. The meaning here is that in their Law, when fasting, it was forbidden for them to eat and speak. As-Suddi, Qatadah and `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd have all stated this view. 

`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd said, "When `Isa said to Maryam,
(Grieve not) She said, `How can I not grieve when you are with me and I have no husband nor am I an owned slave woman What excuse do I have with the people Woe unto me, if I had only died before this, and had been a thing forgotten and unknown.' Then, `Isa said to her, `I will suffice you with a statement,

(And if you see any human being, say: `Verily, I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious so I shall not speak to any human being this day.')' 
All of this is from the speech of `Isa to his mother.'' 

Wahb said the same as well.

LESSONS LEARNT:

  • Allah (SWT), out of HIS unparalleled wisdom and might, had decided to bring 'Isa (AS) into this world without the intervention of any male, that is without a father. 
  • HE (SWT) had chosen the purest of HIS slaves, Hazrat Maryam for this purpose, carrying a child all through the months of pregnancy and being degraded in the eyes of her own people, needed a very firm Imaan and love for ALLAH (SWT).
  • Before the birth of Isa Ibn Maryam, Allah (SWT) instructed the mother through Jibril (AS) to ease her pain and make things easy for her.
  • In these verses we know that, even if a person is deserted by everyone upon this earth, if s/he has complete trust in Allah and has faith in His Might, HE takes care of such a servant. And, one who is assisted by and protected by Allah (SWT) needs no other help or protection. 

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.







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