"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

19: 36 to 19: 37

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]




`ISA COMMANDED THE WORSHIP OF ALLAH ALONE
(then the people differed after him)

وَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ هَـٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ
Wa 'Inna Allāha Rabbī Wa Rabbukum Fā`budūhu Hādhā Şirāţun Mustaqīmun
Listen to the Recitation
Verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord: Him therefore serve ye: this is a Way that is straight.
[19 : 36]
EXPLANATION:
(And verily, Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him. That is the straight path.) 
Among those things which `Isa said to his people while he was in his cradle is that Allah was his Lord and their Lord, and he commanded them to worship Him alone. He said,
(So worship Him. That is the straight path.) Meaning, "That which I have come to you with from Allah is the straight path.'' This means that the path is correct; Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets - whoever follows it will be rightly guided and whoever opposes it will deviate and go astray.

فَاخْتَلَفَ الْأَحْزَابُ مِن بَيْنِهِمْ ۖفَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن مَّشْهَدِ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
khtalafa Al-'Aĥzābu Min Baynihim Fawaylun Lilladhīna Kafarū Min Mash/hadi Yawmin `Ažīmin
Then the sects differed , so woe unto the disbelievers from the Meeting of a great Day 
[19 : 37]

EXPLANATION:

Then the sects differed [i.e. the Christians about 'Îsa (Jesus) عليه السلام], so woe unto the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that 'Îsa (Jesus) is the son of Allah] from the Meeting of a great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire) 

(Then the sects differed,) means that the opinions of the People of the Book differed concerning `Isa even after the explanation of his affair and the clarification of his situation. They disagreed about his being the servant of Allah, His Messenger, and His Word that He cast upon Maryam and a spirit from Himself. 

So a group of them -- who were the majority of the Jews (may Allah's curses be upon them) -- determined that he was a child of fornication and that his speaking in his cradle was merely sorcery. 
Another group said that it was Allah Who was speaking (not `Isa). 
Others said that he (`Isa) was the son of Allah. Some said that he was the third part of a divine trinity with Allah. 
Yet, others said that he was the servant of Allah and His Messenger. 
This latter view is the statement of truth, which Allah guided the believers to. 

A report similar with this meaning has been reported from `Amr bin Maymun, Ibn Jurayj, Qatadah and others from the Salaf (predecessors) and the Khalaf (later generations). Allah said,
(so woe unto the disbelievers from the meeting of a great Day.) 
This is a threat and severe warning for those who lie about Allah, invent falsehood and claim that He (Allah) has a son. However, Allah has given them respite until the Day of Resurrection, and He has delayed their term out of gentleness and confident reliance upon His divine decree overcoming them. Verily, Allah does not hasten the affair of those who disobey Him. 

This has been related in a Hadith collected in the Two Sahihs,
(Verily, Allah gives respite to the wrongdoer until He seizes him and he will not be able to escape Him.) 
Then, the Messenger of Allah recited the Ayah,
(Such is the punishment of your Lord when He punishes the towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His punishment is painful, (and) severe.) 
[11:102]

In the Two Sahihs it is also reported that the Messenger of Allah said,
(No one is more patient with something harmful that he hears than Allah. Verily, they attribute to Him a son, while He is the One Who provides them sustenance and good health.) 

Allah says,
And many a township did I give respite while it was given to wrongdoing. Then I punished it. And to me is the (final) return (of all).) 
[22:48]

Allah, the Exalted, also says,
(Consider not that Allah is unaware of that which the wrongdoers do, but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror.)
[14:42]


This is the reason that Allah says here,
(So woe unto the disbelievers from the meeting of a great Day.) referring to the Day of Resurrection. 


It has been related in an authentic Hadith that is agreed upon (in Al-Bukhari and Muslim), on the authority of `Ubadah bin As-Samit who said that the Messenger of Allah said,
(Whoever testifies that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone, Who has no partners, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, and that `Isa was Allah's servant and Messenger, and His Word that He cast upon Maryam, and a spirit from Him, and that Paradise and Hell are both real, then Allah will admit him into Paradise regardless of whatever he did.)


LESSONS LEARNT:

  • Jesus (peace be upon him) never claimed to be the son of Allah. He commanded the worship of Allah alone and guided people towards Islamic Monotheism (the religion of Allah, which all the prophets followed).
  • There is a dreadful punishment in store for the disbelievers on the Day of Resurrection which they can't escape.
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.













    

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