"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Tuesday, March 8, 2011

19:59 - 19:60

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
 [I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


THE PROPHETS WERE SUCCEEDED BY WICKED PEOPLE AND GOOD PEOPLE


فَخَلَفَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَاتَّبَعُوا الشَّهَوَاتِ ۖ فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيًّا
Fakhalafa Min Ba`dihim Khalfun 'Ađā`ū Aş-Şalāata Wa Attaba`ū Ash-Shahawāti Fasawfa YalqawnaGhayyāan


Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have lost the Salah and have followed lusts. So they will meet Ghaiy.

[19 : 59]


EXPLANATION:

After Allah mentioned the party of blessed ones -- the Prophets and those who followed them by maintaining the limits set by Allah and His commandments, fulfilling what Allah ordered and avoiding His prohibitions -- then He mentions,
(there has succeeded them a posterity.) This means later generations.
(who have lost Salah). Losing their prayers is when they do not consider the prayers obligatory. Therefore they lose, because the prayer is the pillar and foundation of the religion. It is the best of the servants' deeds. Thus, these people will occupy themselves with worldly desires and delights, and they will be pleased with the life of this world. They will be tranquil and at ease in the worldly appetites. Therefore, these people will meet with Ghaiy, which means loss on the Day of Resurrection. Al-Awza`i reported from Musa bin Sulayman, who reported from Al-Qasim bin Mukhaymirah that he said concerning Allah's statement,
(Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have lost the Salah)  "This means that they will not keep up with the proper times of the prayer, because if it meant complete abandonment of the prayer, this would be disbelief.'' It is also reported that it was said to Ibn Mas`ud, "Allah often mentions the prayer in the Qur'an. He says,
(Those who neglect their Salah.)﴿[107:5] ﴾ And He says,
(Those who remain constant in their Salah.) ﴿[70:23] ﴾ And He says,
(Who guard their Salah.) ﴿[23:9] ﴾ Then, Ibn Mas`ud said, "This means at its designated times.'' The people said, "We thought that this was referring to the abandonment of the prayer.'' He replied, "That would be disbelief.'' Masruq said, "No one who guards the five daily prayers will be written among the heedless. In their neglect is destruction. Their neglect is delaying them past their fixed times.'' Al-Awza`i reported from Ibrahim bin Zayd that Umar bin `Abdul-`Aziz recited the Ayah,
(Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have lost the Salah and have followed lusts. So they will meet Ghayy.)
Then, he said, "Their loss was not their abandonment of the prayers, but it was by not offering them during their proper and prescribed times.'' Allah said,
(So they will meet Ghayy. ) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, "This is a valley in the Hellfire which is very deep and its food is filthy.'' Al-A`mash reported from Ziyad, who reported from Abu `Iyad, who commented Allah's statement,
(So they will meet Ghayy.) He said, "This is a valley in Hell made of puss and blood.'' 


إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَأُولَـٰئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ شَيْئًا
'Illā Man Tāba Wa 'Āmana Wa `Amila Şāliĥāan Fa'ūlā'ika Yadkhulūna Al-Jannata Wa Lā YužlamūnaShay'āan


Listen to the Recitation

Except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught.

[19 : 60]

EXPLANATION:

Allah said,
(Except those who repent and believe and work righteousness.) This means, "Except those who recant from giving up the prayers and following the desires, for verily, Allah will accept their repentance, give them a good end and make them of those who inherit the Garden of Delight (Paradise). '' For this reason Allah says,
(Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught.) This is because repentance wipes away that which was before it. In another Hadith, the Prophet said,
(The one who repents from sin is like he who has no sin.) Because of this, those who repent will not lose anything from the (good) deeds that they did. They will not be held accountable for what they did before their repentance, thus causing a decrease in their reward for deeds that they do after their repentance. That is because whatever they did before repenting is lost, forgotten and not taken to account. This is an honor from the Most Generous and a kindness from the Most Gentle. This is an exception that is made for these people, similar to Allah's statement in Surah Al-Furqan,
(And those who invoke not any other god along with Allah, nor kill such person as Allah has forbidden, except for just cause...) until Allah's statement,
(and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) ﴿ [25:68-70]

LESSONS LEARNT:

  • The importance of prayer is highlighted in verse 59. Those who neglect the prescribed prayers will face a severe punishment. The abode will be a valley in hell filled with "puss and blood".
  • Prayers are what protects a believer from disbelief.
  • Verse 60 highlights the mercy of Allah (SWT) for those who turn to HIM in sincere repentance. The reward being that past sins are forgiven. Truly a great mercy from the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful. This gives us hope and advices us not to despair of Allah's mercy.
May Allah keep us all in HIS straight path and forgive the sins that we have committed.(Ameen)

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.


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