"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Saturday, April 2, 2011

19:73 - 19:74

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
 [I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]

The Disbelievers boast over Their good Fortune in the World


وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَيُّ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ خَيْرٌ مَّقَامًا وَأَحْسَنُ نَدِيًّا 
Wa 'Idhā Tutlá `Alayhim 'Āyātunā Bayyinātin QālaAl-Ladhīna Kafarū Lilladhīna 'Āmanū 'Ayyu Al-Farīqayni Khayrun Maqāmāan Wa 'Aĥsanu Nadīyāan


When Our Clear Signs are rehearsed to them, the Unbelievers say to those who believe, "Which of the two sides is best in point of position? Which makes the best show in council?"

[19 : 73]


EXPLANATION

Allah, the Exalted, informs that when the clear, evident Ayat of Allah are recited to the disbelievers, they reject them and turn away. They say about those who believe, while boasting to them and arguing that their false religion is correct,
(best dwellings and the finest Nadiyyan.) This means the best houses, with the loftiest levels and the finest Nadiyyan, which are meeting rooms for men to gather and discuss matters. Thus, this means that their meeting rooms are full of more people who come to attend. In this they were saying, "How can we be upon falsehood while we are in this manner of successful living'' These people were actually those who were concealed in the house of Al-Arqam bin Abi Al-Arqam and its likes from the other houses. This is as Allah says about them,
(And those who disbelieve say of those who believe: "Had it been a good thing, they (the weak and the poor) would not have preceded us thereto!'') ﴿ [46:11] ﴾ Nuh's people said,
("Shall we believe in you, when the weakest (of the people) follow you'') ﴿ [26:111] ﴾ And Allah says, 
(Thus We have tried some of them with others, that they might say: "Is it these (poor believers) whom Allah has favored among us'' Does not Allah know best those who are grateful) ﴿ [6:53]



وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُم مِّن قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَحْسَنُ أَثَاثًا وَرِئْيًا
Wa Kam 'Ahlaknā Qablahum Min Qarnin Hum'Aĥsanu 'Athāthāan Wa Ri'yāan


But how many (countless) generations before them have we destroyed, who were even better in equipment and in glitter to the eye?

[19 : 74]

EXPLANATION

(And how many a generations have We destroyed before them) This means, "How many nations and generations did We destroy of those who denied (this message) due to their disbelief'' 
(who were better in wealth, goods and outward appearance) This means that they were better than these present people in wealth, possessions, looks and appearance. Al-A`mash reported from Abu Zibyan, who reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said concerning the Ayah,
(best dwellings and finest Nadiyyan.) "Position ﴿Maqam﴾ means home, Nadi means place of gathering, wealth refers to material possessions and outward appearance is how they look physically.'' Al-`Awfi said that Ibn `Abbas said, "Position ﴿Maqam﴾ means dwelling, Nadi means place of gathering and the blessing and happiness that they were living in. This is as Allah says about the people of Fir`awn when He destroyed them and related the story of their situation in the Qur'an,
(How many gardens and springs that they ﴿Fir`awn's people﴾ left behind, and green crops and honored places ﴿Maqam﴾.) ﴿ [44:25-26] ﴾ Therefore, position ﴿Maqam﴾ refers to their dwellings and splendid bounties, and Nadi is the places of gathering and meeting where they used to congregate. Allah said while relating the story to His Messenger of what happened with the people of Lut, 
(And practice Al-Munkar (evil deeds) in your meeting places ﴿Nadiyakum﴾.) ﴿ [29:29] ﴾ The Arabs call a place of gathering a Nadi.'')

LESSONS LEARNT:

  1. Those who pride themselves on their worldly possessions (looks, wealth etc), this ayah reminds them that there were generations before them who were much better in every aspect.  However these generations were destroyed. An unavoidable conclusion to arrogance and disobedience.
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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