"VERILY, this Qur'an shows the way to all that is most upright; and gives the believers who do good deeds
the glad tiding that theirs will be a great reward"
[Al Qur'an: Chapter 17,Al Isra: Verse 9]

Monday, April 18, 2011

19:77 - 19:80

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


Refuting the Disbelievers Who claim that They will be given Wealth and Children in the Hereafter


أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي كَفَرَ بِآيَاتِنَا وَقَالَ لَأُوتَيَنَّ مَالًا وَوَلَدًا
'Afara'ayta Al-Ladhī Kafara Bi'āyātinā Wa Qāla La'ūtayanna Mālāan Wa Waladāan


Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Ayat and said: "I shall certainly be given wealth and children if I live again.''

[19 : 77]

EXPLANATION

Imam Ahmad reported from Khabbab bin Al-Aratt that he said, "I was a blacksmith and Al-" ®256؛لs bin Wa'il owed me a debt. So I went to him to collect my debt from him. He said to me, `No, by Allah, I will not pay my debt to you until you disbelieve in Muhammad.' I replied to him, `No, by Allah, I will not disbelieve in Muhammad until you die and are resurrected again.' He then said to me, `Verily, if I die and am resurrected, and you come to me, I will also have abundance of wealth and children and I will repay you then.' Then, Allah revealed these Ayat,
(Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Ayat and said: "I shall certainly be given wealth and children.'') until,
(and he shall come to Us alone.) This was also recorded by the two compilers of the Sahihs and other collections as well. In the wording of Al-Bukhari it states that Khabbab said, "I used to be a blacksmith in Makkah and I made a sword for Al-" ®256؛لs bin Wa'il. So I went to him to collect my pay from him...'' then he mentioned the rest of the Hadith and he said, (or has he taken a covenant from the Most Gracious). "This means an agreement."


أَطَّلَعَ الْغَيْبَ أَمِ اتَّخَذَ عِندَ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ عَهْدًا
'Āţţala`a Al-Ghayba 'Am Attakhadha `Inda Ar-Raĥmāni `Ahdāan


Has he known the Unseen or has he taken a covenant from the Most Gracious

[19 : 78]

EXPLANATION

(Has he known the Unseen) This is a rejection of the person who says, (I shall certainly be given wealth and children.) Meaning, on the Day of Resurrection. In other words, "Does he know what he will have in the Hereafter, to such an extent that he can swear to it'' (or has he taken a covenant from the Most Gracious) Or has he received a promise from Allah that he will be given these things It has already been stated that in Sahih Al-Bukhari it is mentioned that covenant means an agreement. 

كَلَّا ۚ سَنَكْتُبُ مَا يَقُولُ وَنَمُدُّ لَهُ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ مَدًّا
Kallā Sanaktubu Mā Yaqūlu Wa Namuddu Lahu Mina Al-`Adhābi Maddāan


Nay, We shall record what he says, and We shall increase his torment

[19 : 79]

EXPLANATION

Concerning Allah's statement,  (Nay,) This is a participle that opposes what came before it and gives emphasis to what follows it.  (We shall record what he says,) what he is seeking, and his idea that he has given himself about what he hopes for, and his disbelief in Allah the Most Great. (We shall increase his torment.) This is referring to what will happen in the abode of the Hereafter, because of his saying his disbelief in Allah in this life.


وَنَرِثُهُ مَا يَقُولُ وَيَأْتِينَا فَرْدًا
Wa Narithuhu Mā Yaqūlu Wa Ya'tīnā Fardāan


And We shall inherit from him all that he speaks of, and he shall come to Us alone.

[19 : 80]


EXPLANATION

(And We shall inherit from him all that he speaks of,) His wealth and children. It means, "We will take all of this from him, in opposition to his claim that he will be given more wealth and children in the Hereafter than he had in this life.'' To the contrary, in the Hereafter that which he had in this life will be taken from him. This is why Allah says, (And he shall come to Us alone.) without wealth or children.


Lessons Learnt:

  1. These verses serve as a warning to the disbelievers, who claim success in the after life while carrying on with their disbelief in this life.
  2. Every action done by man will be taken into account, evaluated, judged and finally rewarded accordingly. It is therefore imperative for us believers to ponder over these verses and know that every action that we do will be judged. Hence we must ensure that we are careful about what we speak, what we do & how we do it. Our actions must be in accordance to the teachings of Islam with the right intention (For the sake of Allah only). May Allah(SWT) keep us on the straight path (Ameen).
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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